The Mérida Initiative (Called by Critics, Plan México)
Posted by Fredsvenn den mai 18, 2008
The Mérida Initiative (called by critics, Plan México) is a security cooperation initiative between the United States and the government of Mexico and the countries of Central America, with the aim of combating the threats of drug trafficking and transnational crime. It was announced on 22 October 2007 in a joint statement by U.S. President Bush and Mexican President Calderón.
President Bush Tannounced announced the $1.4 billion dollar Merida Initiative, security aid package to Mexico and Central America. The initiative has fatal flaws in its strategy; instead of leading to a stable binational relationship and peaceful border communities, its military approach will escalate drug-related violence and human rights abuses.
The term Plan Colombia is most often used to refer to controversial U.S. legislation aimed at curbing drug smuggling by supporting different Drug War activities in Colombia. The most controversial element of the anti-narcotic strategy is aerial fumigation to eradicate coca. This activity has come under fire because it damages legal crops and has adverse health effects upon those exposed to the herbicides. Critics of the initiative also claimed that elements within the Colombian security forces, which received aid and training from it, were involved in supporting or tolerating abuses by the now largely dismantled right-wing paramilitary forces against left-wing terror organizations and their sympathizers.